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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics and HIV testing history of newly HIV-diagnosed patients at diagnosis (n = 1,008)

From: Missed opportunities for HIV testing in newly-HIV-diagnosed patients, a cross sectional study

  na %
Sex, men 793 79
Age, years   
18-29 225 22%
30-49 595 59%
≥ 50 188 19%
Risk factor for HIV b   
Intravenous drug user 12 1%
Man who has sex with men 530 53%
Sub-Saharan African immigrant 124 12%
Heterosexual with high risk behavior 155 15%
No identified risk 187 19%
Educational attainment   
No certificate 69 7%
High school level (included professional certificate) 542 54%
University level, ≤2 years post high school certificate 146 14%
University level, >2 years post high school certificate 236 23%
Occupational class   
Farmers, manual workers 85 8%
Shopkeepers, craftsmen, and office, sales and services employees 479 48%
Professionals, managers and intermediate white-collar workers 242 24%
Unemployed, including retirees and studentsc 191 19%
Marital status   
Single 520 52%
Living in couple 358 36%
Divorced or widowed 125 12%
Children, ≥1 401 40%
Health insurance at time of diagnosis d   
Basic health insurance 828 83%
Universal medical coveraged 89 9%
Medical aid from statee 32 3%
Uninsured or under affiliation 54 5%
Supplementary health insurance 725 72%
History of HIV testing   
Never tested 325 32%
HIV tested >3 years 273 27%
HIV tested ≤3 years 407 41%
  1. aDepending on variables, missing data were from 0 to 1.5% and are accounted for in the percentages.
  2. bIndividual class by descending risk: IDU, MSM, Sub-Saharan African migrants, heterosexual with sexual risk, not belonging to a risk group.
  3. c32 (3%) retirees; 38 (4%) students.
  4. dIn France, a universal health care insurance system covers around ¾ of healthcare expenditures. Workers and retirees who contribute to social insurance are covered by the system. Supplemental coverage may be bought by patients from private insurers. The universal medical coverage (complete or supplementary) extends health insurance for all poor legal residents.
  5. eComplete health insurance for refugees.