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Table 2 Association between male circumcision and genital HPV detection in men

From: Male circumcision and prevalence of genital human papillomavirus infection in men: a multinational study

  Any HPV (n = 3969) Oncogenic HPV (n = 2503) Non-Oncogenic HPV (n = 2219) Unclassified HPV (n = 1889)
  Univariate Multivariable1 Univariate Multivariable1 Univariate Multivariable1 Univariate Multivariable1
  PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Circumcision
No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 0.99 (0.94 - 1.04) 0.96 (0.91 - 1.01) 0.98 (0.90 - 1.07) 0.95 (0.87 - 1.03) 0.87 (0.78 - 0.97) 0.85 (0.76 - 0.95) 1.21 (1.05 – 1.39) 1.07 (0.92 – 1.24)
  1. NOTE. PR, prevalence ratio; CI, confidence interval. Numbers in bold correspond to statistically significant point estimates.
  2. 1Adjusted for race, marital status, lifetime female sexual partners, female sexual partners in past 3–6 months and male anal sexual partners in the past 3 months.