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Table 6 Association of different risk factors with enterococci colonization

From: Nasal and perirectal colonization of vancomycin sensitive and resistant enterococci in patients of paediatrics ICU (PICU) of tertiary health care facilities

Factors No. of patients (n = 110) VSE nasal enterococci (n = 26) VSE perirectal enterococci (n = 50) VRE nasal (n = 3) VRE perirectal (n = 6)
  Number (%) E. faecalis(%) E. faecium(%) E. faecalis(%) E. faecium(%) E. faecalis E. faecalis
       E. faecium(%) E. faecium(%)
Age of patients
· <1 69 (62.7) 8 (30.8) 12 (46.2) 17 (34) 14 (28) 1 (33.3) 2 (33.3)
· 1 to <6 29 (26.4) 0 5 (19.2) 7 (14) 7 (14) 1 (33.3) 3 (50)
· 6 to <12 12 (10.9) 1 (3.9) 0 2 (4) 3 (6) 1 (33.3) 1 (16.7)
Reason for Admission
· Miscellaneous group 26 (23.6) 2 (7.7) 3 (11.5) 7(14) 9 (18) 1 (33.3) 1 (16.7)
· Aspiration Pneumonia 1 (0.9) 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 0
· Meningitis 11 (10) 0 1 (3.9) 3 (6) 1 (2) 0 2 (33.3)
· Pneumonia 68 (61.8) 7 (26.9) 13 (50) 15 (30) 14 (28) 2 (66.7) 3 (50)
· Renal Failure 2 (1.8) 0 0 0 0 0 0
· Tuberculosis 2 (1.8) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Duration of stay
· 0 day 13 (11.8) 3 (11.5) 3 (11.5) 6 (12) 2 (4) 0 0
· 1 day 13 (11.8) 0 1 (3.9) 3 (6) 3 (6) 0 1 (16.7)
· 2 days 20 (18.2) 3 (11.5) 3 (11.5) 5 (10) 5 (10) 1 (33.3) 1 (16.7)
· 3 to 5 days 24 (21.8) 1 (3.9) 3 (11.5) 5 (10) 4 (8) 0 0
· 6 to 10 days 22 (20) 2 (7.7) 5 (19.2) 4 (8) 8 (16) 0 1 (16.7)
· >10 days 18 (16.4) 0 2 (7.7) 3 (6) 2 (4) 2 (66.7) 3 (50)
Residential Status
· Rural 48(43.6) 2 (7.7) 6 (23.1) 9 (18) 11 (22) 0 1 (16.7)
· Urban 62 (56.4) 7 (26.9) 11 (42.3) 17 (34) 13 (26) 3 (100) 5 (83.3)
Socioeconomic Status
· Lower Class 69 (62.7) 4 (15.4) 9 (34.6) 9 (18) 13 (26) 3 (100) 6 (100)
· Middle Class 40 (36.4) 5 (19.2) 8 (30.8) 16 (32) 11 (22) 0 0
· Higher Class 1 (0.9) 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 0
Vancomycin use
· Yes 14 (12.7) 2 (7.7) 3 (11.5) 4 (8) 1 (2) 1(33.3) 3 (50)
· No 96 (87.3) 7 (26.9) 14 (53.8) 22 (44) 23 (46) 2 (66.7) 3 (50)