Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of participants (N=615)

From: Factors associated with suboptimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Viet Nam: a cross-sectional study using audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI)

Socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics n %     Clinical characteristics n %
Sex (Female) 209 34.0%     ART regimen 1   
Age (Mean: 32.7± 6.2)           d4T + 3TC + NVP 356 57.9%
  18–30 250 40.7%        d4T + 3TC + EFV 165 26.8%
  31–40 301 48.9%        AZT + 3TC + NVP 52 8.5%
  >=41 64 10.4%        AZT + 3TC + EFV 17 2.8%
Education           Others 25 4.1%
  <=Primary 57 9.3%     Duration of ART (months) (Mean: 20.2±13.2)   
  Secondary 301 39.7%        <=12 months 201 32.7%
  High school 199 32.4%        13–24 months 221 35.9%
  College or University 115 18.7%        >24 month 193 31.4%
Occupation        Tuberculosis treatment   
  Unemployed 119 19.3%        Ongoing 42 6.8%
  Salary-paid job 284 46.2%        In the past 115 18.7%
  Others (farmer, labor works…) 212 34.5%        Never 458 74.5%
Marital status        Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis use   
  Single 114 18.5%        Ongoing 195 31.7%
  Married or live w partners 354 57.6%        In the past 175 28.5%
  Divorced/separated/widow 147 23.9%        Never 245 39.8%
Alcohol use (last month) 321 52.2%     Facility location   
Had >5 drinks (last month) 215 34.0%        Rural 409 66.5
Illicit drug use (ever) 319 51.9%        Urban 206 33.5
Illicit drug use (last month) 87 11.9%     Administrative level of facility   
Use of adherence aid 491 79.8%        Provincial/City level 353 57.4
Depression           District level 262 42.6
  No depressive symptoms 135 22.0%     Distance from residence to clinic   
  Mild depressive symptoms 334 54.3%        <=10 km 302 49.1
  Major depressive symptoms 146 23.7%        >10 km 313 50.9
  1. 1 d4T, stavudine; 3TC, lamivudin; NVP, nevirapine; EFV, efavirenz, AZT, zidovudine.