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Table 5 Multivariable regression model showing association of MDR-TB with HIV status after controlling the effects of age, sex, and previous treatment status

From: Prevalence of multidrug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from HIV seropositive and seronegative patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in north India

Parameter estimates
MDR(a)   B Std. Error Wald df p-value Odd’s Ratio 95% CI for Odd’s Ratio
+ VE Intercept −1.777 0.876 4.118 1 0.042 - -
Sex 0.284 0.415 0.467 1 0.494 1.328 0.589-2.997
Treatment 1.380 0.397 12.066 1 0.001 3.976 1.825-8.664
Age −0.030 0.015 3.879 1 0.049 0.971 0.942-1.000
[C_HIV = 1] 0.839 0.428 3.842 1 0.050 2.313 1.000-5.350
[C_HIV = 2] 0(b) -   0 - - -
  1. a – The reference category is: - VE, b – This parameter is set to zero because it is redundant, CI – confidence interval, df – degree of freedom.