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Table 1 Patient characteristics, including risk factors

From: Prevalence of high-risk HPV types and associated genital diseases in women born in 1988/89 or 1983/84 – results of WOLVES, a population-based epidemiological study in Wolfsburg, Germany

  Cohort (n, unless stated otherwise)a
1983/84 1988/89
Number recruited 659 599
Highest graduation   
  None 21 (3%) 6 (1%)
  Secondary school 354 (54%) 372 (62%)
  Higher level 283 (43%) 221 (37%)
Country of birth   
  Germany 474 (72%) 511 (85%)
  Other 183 (28%) 88 (15%)
Stable relationship   
  Yes 529 (80%) 423 (71%)
  No 123 (19%) 169 (28%)
Current pregnancy   
  Yes 27 (4%) 11 (2%)
  No 627 (95%) 581 (97%)
Parity (mean ± SD)   
  Pregnancies 0.7 ± 1.05 0.2 ± 0.56
  Born children 0.5 ± 0.74 0.1 ± 0.36
Screening for cervical cancer   
  Yes 548 (83%) 307 (51%)
  Never 94 (14%) 274 (46%)
Contraception   
  Hormonalb 679 590
  Otherb 517 457
  None 23 21
Smoking history   
  Current   
  Yes 244 (37%) 221 (37%)
  No 413 (63%) 377 (63%)
Former   
  Yes 163 (25%) 74 (12%)
  No 345 (52%) 392 (65%)
Number of sexual partners   
  0 8 (1%) 30 (5%)
  1 125 (19%) 126 (21%)
  2–5 335 (51%) 336 (56%)
  >5 162 (25%) 91 (15%)
Age at sexual debut (mean ± SD) 16.9 ± 2.45 16.1 ± 1.67
Pap smear test   
  I 2 (<1%) 2 (<1%)
  II 624 (95%) 579 (97%)
  IIw 11 (2%) 12 (2%)
  III 3 (<1%) 1 (<1%)
  IIID 18 (3%) 5 (<1%)
  Iva 1 (<1%)
History of sexually transmitted disease   
  Yes 11 (2%) 4 (<1%)
  No 648 (98%) 594 (99%)
History of genital warts   
  Yes 26 (4%) 2 (<1%)
  No 633 (96%) 163 (27%)
HPV vaccination   
  No 616 (93%) 463 (77%)
  Yes 42 (6%) 136 (23%)
Full 3 courses 40 (6%) 126 (21%)
  1. a Missing data are not included so n does not always add up to number recruited.
  2. b Multiple methods counted in the same individual.