Skip to main content

Table 1 Estimates of incubation period of 37 cases with documented single exposure, by clinical form of invasive listeriosis

From: What is the incubation period for listeriosis?

Clinical form Country Year Ref Implicated food Number of cases Incubation period (days)
CNS involvement       
  UK 1988 [14] cheese 1 1
  France 1993 [15] rillettes (pork pâté) 2 10*,12*
  France 1995 [16] brie (cheese) 1 8*
  France 1999 [17] rillettes (pork pâté) 1 14*
  Belgium 2001 [18] frozen cake 1 4
  France 2003 spreadable sausage 1 2
  Austria 2008 [19] jellied pork tongue 1 14
  Germany 2009 [20] cheese 1 13
  Norway 2010 [21] camembert (cheese) 1 4
Bacteraemia       
  Finland 1989 [22] salted mushrooms 1 1
  Italy 1993 [23] rice salad 2 1,1
  USA 1998 [13] frankfurter 1 2
  Austria 2008 [19] jellied pork tongue 1 2*
  Norway 2010 [21] camembert (cheese) 9 3,7,1,1,5,1,12,4,5
  France 2011 horse minced meat 1 4
Pregnancy associated       
  USA 1989 [24] shrimp 2 19,23
  France 1993 [15] rillettes (pork pâté) 1 42*
  France 1995 [16] brie (cheese) 6 17*,22*,31*,33*,37*,67*
  France 1997 pont l’evêque (cheese) 2 36*,24*
  France 2000 mozzarella 1 19*
  1. * Duration between the consumption of contaminated food and the date of the biological sampling of the patient.
  2. † French Institute of Public Health Surveillance, InVS (unpublished data).