Skip to main content

Table 3 Antibiotic resistant bacteria isolated from all specimens

From: Bacterial infections in Lilongwe, Malawi: aetiology and antibiotic resistance

 

Gram positive organisms

S. aureus

S. pneumoniae

Antibiotic

Resistant n/N (%)

Resistant + Intermediate n/N (%)

Resistant n/N (%)

Resistant n/N (%)

Chloramphenicol

59/171 (34.5)

77/171 (45.0)

30/95 (31.6)

17/51 (33)

Clindamycin

19/188 (10.1)

72/188 (38.3)

14/143 (9.8)

3/30 (10.0)

Erythromycin

62/220 (28.2)

112/220 (50.9)

51/122 (41.8)

1/67 (1.5)

Gentamicin

60/183 (32.8)

77/183 (42.1)

28/141 (19.9)

23/27 (85.2)

Oxacillin

70/230 (30.4)

84/230 (36.5)

46/147 (31.3)

11/59 (18.6)*

Tetracycline

135/222 (60.8)

150/222 (67.6)

81/129 (62.8)

32/63 (50.8)

Tmp-Sxt

149/199 (74.9)

158/199 (79.4)

88/127 (69.3)

42/47 (89.4)

 

Gram negative organisms

Salmonella spp .

 

Resistant n/N (%)

Resistant + Intermediate n/N (%)

Resistant n/N (%)

Resistant + Intermediate n/N (%)

Chloramphenicol

49/69 (71.0)

52/69 (75.4)

12/17 (70.1)

12/17 (70.6)

Gentamicin

27/80 (33.8)

31/80 (38.8)

0/19 (0.0)

2/19 (10.5)

Tmp-Sxt

53/65 (81.5)

54/65 (83.1)

12/15 (80.0)

12/15 (80.0)

Ampicillin

65/84 (77.4)

69/84 (82.1)

18/21 (85.7)

18/21 (85.7)

Ceftriaxone

16/85 (18.8)

29/85 (34.1)

0/20 (5.0)

1/20 (5.0)

Ciprofloxacin

9/75 (12.0)

20/75 (26.7)

0/22 (0.0)

0/22 (0.0)

Nalidixic acid

26/79 (32.9)

44/79 (55.7)

0/20 (0.0)

9/20 (45.0)