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Table 1 Demographic and clinical data for patients with and without human coronavirus infections

From: Coronavirus infections in hospitalized pediatric patients with acute respiratory tract disease

  HCoV positive patients with characteristic HCoV negative patients with characteristic
  Number or median (n = 37) % or range Number or median (n = 395) % or range
Hospitalized 37 100 395 100
Median length of stay (range) 4 (2–17) 4 (1–20)
Fever 14 37.8 112 28
Oxygen support required 17 45.9 280 70.9
Median duration of oxygen support 3 (2–14) 3 (1–13)
Cough 23 62.2 311 78.7
Rhinorrhea 26 70.3 233 59
Conjunctivitis 1 2.7 16 4
Dyspnea 16 43.2 342 86.6
Wheezing 11 29.7 232 58.7
Vomiting 3 8.1 25 6.3
Diarrhea 1 2.7 7 1.8
Bronchitis 2 5.4 9 2.3
Bronchiolitis 21 56.7 349 88.3
Pneumonia 5 13.5 59 14.9
Recurrent wheezing 3 8.1 57 14.4
Asthma 2 8.7 22 5.6
Otitis media 1 2.7 14 3.5
Recurrent breathing/respiration difficulties 6 16.2 106 26.8
LRTIs 26 70.3 373 94.4
  1. Key: HCoV, human coronavirus; LRTIs, lower respiratory tract infections.