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Table 2 Factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection among the pregnant women (n = 201) in Jimma town, 2011

From: Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondiiand associated risk factors among pregnant women in Jimma town, Southwestern Ethiopia

Characteristics Seroprevalence COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Positive n(%) Negative n(%)   
Educational status     
 Illiterate 38 (77.5) 11 (22.5) 1.7 (0.76-3.84) 0.66 (0.27-1.60)
 Literate 130 (85.5) 22 (14.5)     1     1
Occupation     
 House wives 134 (82.7) 28 (17.3) 0.7 (0.25-1.96) 0.67 (0.23-1.99)
 Others 34 (87.2) 5 (12.8)     1     1
Age group (years)     
 15 – 19 16 (64.0) 9 (36.0)     1     1
 20 – 24 81 (83.5) 16 (16.5) 2.8 (1.07-7.56)* 3.18 (1.08-9.34)*
 25 – 29 55 (88.7) 7 (11.3) 4.4 (1.42-13.73)* 4.95 (1.41-17.38)*
 30 – 35 16 (94.1) 1 (5.9) 9.0 (1.02-79.54)* 13.98 (1.42-137.92)*
Presence of cats     
 Yes 56 (94.9) 3 (5.1) 5.0 (1.46- 17.10)* 5.82 (1.61-20.99)*
 No 112 (75.6) 30 (24.4)     1     1
Contact with soil     
 Yes 121 (81.8) 27 (18.2) 0.57 (0.22-1.47) 0.63 (0.23-1.74)
 No 47 (88.7) 6 (11.3)     1     1
Raw meat eating habit     
 Yes 87 (82.9) 18 (17.1) 0.89 (0.42-1.89) 0.73 (0.31-1.72)
 No 81 (84.4) 15 (15.6)     1     1
Source of drinking water     
 Well 20 (80) 5 (20) 0.75 (0.26-2.18) 1.22 (0.36-4.15)
 Pipe 148 (84.1) 28 (15.9)     1     1
  1. *Statistically significant at P < 0.05, COR = Crude Odds Ratio, AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI = Confidence Interval.