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Table 5 Effect of intestinal helminth infection on malaria related outcomes among microscopic confirmed malaria cases who attended Dore Bafeno Health Center, southern Ethiopia, December 2010 to February 2011

From: Malaria and related outcomes in patients with intestinal helminths: a cross-sectional study

   Outcomes  
Helminth infection Plasmodium density* Haemoglobin Anaemia
  β *** [95% CI] β *** [95% CI] AOR** [95% CI]
A. lumbricoides (Al) 2.34 [−24.68, 20.00] −0.52 [−1.37, 0.32] 1.53 [0.72, 3.22]
Hookworm (Hw) −11.75 [−83.76, 60.26] −0.65 [−2.64 , 1.34] 1.69 [0.33, 8.81]
S. mansoni (Sm) 3.65 [−35.09, 42.41] 0.12 [−1.45, 1.68] 1.11 [0.30, 4.17]
T. trichiura (Tt) 19.11 [−13.31, 51.55] −0.65 [−2.64 , 1.34] 1.69 [0.33, 8.81]
Al and Tt 15.16 [−21.34, 51.67] -.63 [−1.77, 0.50] 2.31 [0.80, 6.67]
Al and Sm 22.19 [−55.82, 100.19] -.08 [−2.68, 2.52] 1.27 [0.17, 9.47]
Al, Tt and Sm 64.65 [−10.53, 139.85] −2.35 [−6.35, 1.63] 2.83 [0.98, 15.24]
Al, Tt, Sm and Hw 52.05 [5.08, 99.03] −1.62 [−3.61, 0.37] 8.64 [1.18, 63.47]
Any intestinal helminth 14.51 [−3.06, 32.07] −0.34 [−0.99, 0.30] 1.54 [0.81, 2.90]
  1. NB 1.helmith free but Plasmodium infected individuals are used as reference for calculating AOR-values and regression coefficients.
  2. 2. Plasmodium density*= Plasmodium density is on square root scale.
  3. 3. AOR** odds ratio from multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for effects of age, gender and nutritional status.
  4. 4. β *** regression coefficient from multiple linear regression models adjusted for effects of age, gender and nutrition.