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Table 5 Overall and by-component, per-patient costs expressed in Euros

From: Retrospective epidemiological study for the characterization of community- acquired pneumonia and pneumococcal pneumonia in adults in a well-defined area of Badalona (Barcelona, Spain)

  Outpatientsa N=340 Inpatients N=241 Total N=581 p % Total cost
Medical visits
Primary care 65.48 46.42 57.57 <0.001 4.2
Specialist 95.74 185.61 133.02 <0.001 9.7
Emergency room 71.73 7.17 44.95 <0.001 3.3
Test      
Laboratory tests 10.42 10.98 10.65 NS 0.8
Conventional radiology 14.89 8.28 12.15 <0.001 0.9
Complementary tests 2.36 3.48 2.82 NS 0.2
Pharmacological treatments 65.65 78.66 71.05 0.002 5.2
Hospitalizations 0.00 2006.45 832.28   60.9
Hospital admission 0.00 1625.22 674.15   49.3
Readmission 0.00 381.23 158.13   11.6
Direct costs 326.25 2,347.05 1,164.49 <0.001 85.2
Indirect costs 260.23 118.60 201.48 0.009 14.8
Total costs 586.48 2,465.65 1,365.97 <0.001 100
  1. aOutpatient: includes patients diagnosed in primary care centres and emergency rooms at hospitals.