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Table 2 Multivariate random-effects logistic regression results

From: Growth patterns among HIV-exposed infants receiving nevirapine prophylaxis in Pune, India

  Stunting (<−2 SD LAZ) Underweight (<−2 SD WAZ) Wasting (<−2 SD WLZ)
Odds ratio (CI) P-value Odds ratio (CI) P-value Odds ratio (CI) P-value
Maternal Characteristics    
Less than Primary Education 1.57 (1.11, 2.23) 0.012 1.20 (0.84, 1.73) 0.318 --  
Housewife/Unemployed 0.79 (0.51, 1.23) 0.305 0.84 (0.53, 1.31) 0.433 --  
Hemoglobin <9 g/dL 1.76 (1.14, 2.72) 0.011 1.31 (0.83, 2.06) 0.240 --  
CD4 <250 2.03 (1.22, 3.38) 0.006 1.73 (1.03, 2.91) 0.038 --  
log10 Viral Load 1.06 (0.86, 1.31) 0.606 1.16 (0.93, 1.46) 0.199 1.24 (1.02, 1.52) 0.034
Infant Characteristics       
Male Gender 1.84 (1.30, 2.60) 0.001 --#   --  
SWEN 0.89 (0.63, 1.25) 0.498 0.76 (0.53, 1.08) 0.123 0.71 (0.51, 0.99) 0.046
HIV Status (Time Dependent) 2.33 (1.23, 4.43) 0.010 2.09 (1.15, 3.82) 0.016 1.24 (0.61, 2.52) 0.554
Not Breastfeeding (Time dependent) 1.31 (1.11, 1.55) 0.002 0.83 (0.69, 1.00) 0.047 0.86 (0.65, 1.14) 0.293
HIV Status * Not Breastfeeding Interaction 0.99 (0.48, 2.04) 0.985 1.83 (0.92, 3.65) 0.087 0.84 (0.33, 2.10) 0.708
Low Birth Weight (< 2.5 kg) 11.00 (6.82, 17.75) <0.0001 41.56 (26.04, 66.34) <0.0001 2.83 (1.87, 4.26) <0.0001
Gestational Age <37 weeks 1.79 (1.37, 5.71) 0.005 5.34 (2.69, 10.60) <0.0001 1.93 (1.13, 3.29) 0.015
Delivery mode other than normal vaginal 1.99 (1.30, 3.07) 0.002 2.63 (1.70, 4.07) <0.0001 1.92 (1.30, 2.84) 0.001
Hospitalization 1.24 (0.81, 1.89) 0.323 2.16 (1.40, 3.32) 0.001 1.62 (1.10, 2.38) 0.014
  1. # Not included in the multivariate model.
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