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Table 2 Kazakhstan tuberculosis new case characteristics†

From: Tuberculosis in Kazakhstan: analysis of risk determinants in national surveillance data

Variable 2007 n (%) 2008 n (%) 2009 n (%) 2010 n (%)
Total new cases registered 18,290 19,311 16,608 15,617
Risk factors     
Alcohol use 787 (4%) 639 (3%) 398 (2%) 346 (2%)
Child or youth from vulnerable group 362 (2%) 271 (1%) 237 (1%) 175 (1%)
Diabetes 252 (1%) 284 (1%) 263 (2%) 246 (2%)
Drug use 58 51 47 44
Incarcerated within past 2 years* 70 74 53 52
Migrant 174 (1%) 922 (5%) 444 (3%) 417 (3%)
Non-regular uptake of anti-tuberculosis medication 14 43 23 24
Prison system staff member 31 28 21 18
Recent mother (birth within 1 year) 204 (1%) 397 (2%) 330 (2%) 323 (2%)
Registered contact of a multidrug resistant tuberculosis case 28 62 64 72
Registered contact of a tuberculosis case* 928 (5%) 1034 (5%) 862 (5%) 739 (5%)
Tuberculosis health care staff member 1 1 0 3
Unknown risk factor* 15,883 (87%) 15,953 (83%) 14,173 (85%) 13,451 (86%)
Socio-economic indicators
Employment status     
  Currently incarcerated 6 8 5 11
  Detainee* 0 0 2 3
  Farmer 8 7 8 4
  Officer* 1,365 (7%) 1,406 (7%) 1,246 (8%) 1,048 (7%)
  Other 1,006 (6%) 1,083 (6%) 748 (5%) 832 (5%)
  Pensioner 893 (5%) 994 (5%) 816 (5%) 868 (6%)
  Pre-school child 45 160 (1%) 140 (1%) 141 (1%)
  Prison medical staff 13 128 (1%) 141 (1%) 106 (1%)
  Self-employed 465 (3%) 139 (1%) 92 (1%) 84 (1%)
  Student 1,566 (9%) or 975 (5%) 1,522 (8%) or 1,066 (6%) 1,401 (8%) or 967 (6%) 1,293 (8%) or 843 (5%)
  Tuberculosis clinic medical staff 13 32 35 30
  Unemployed* 9,029 (49%) 10,054 (52%) 8,655 (52%) 8,088 (52%)
  Worker* 2,707 (15%) 2,681 (14%) 2,302 (14%) 2,234 (14%)
  1. † NTP registry, percentages are not presented for variables representing less than 1% of cases.
  2. * Variable is statistically correlated with number of new cases of TB at a p = 0.05 level.