Skip to main content

Table 1 Design of the KIzSS sentinel surveillance network

From: The KIzSS network, a sentinel surveillance system for infectious diseases in day care centers: study protocol

Survey day care settings Syndrome surveillance Microbiological surveillance
Numerator Denominator Data - Numerator Denominator Data Number of syndromic episodes Child/staff-weeks at risk Numerator Denominator Data Number of positive samples Number of fecal samples
Demographics Children attending, capacity, group structure, child/caregiver ratio, s, degree of urbanization, religious background etc. Demographics Date of birth, gender, co-morbidity Demographics Date of birth, gender, date of sampling
Symptoms Fever, ear ache, runny ear, diarrhea, vomiting, coughing, exanthema, other symptoms Bacteria Escherichia, Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Clostridium
Facility design Presence of sandpit, paddling pool, toilet, sink, nappy changing area, paper towels, animals etc. Syndromes Chicken pox, impetigo, common cold, eye infection, otitis media, gastroenteritis, influenza-like illness, other syndromes Viruses Norovirus, Sapovirus, Rotavirus, Adenovirus, Astrovirus
Hygiene policy Hand/food hygiene, group/staff mixing, hand washing/cleaning policies, covering sandpits/pools etc. Morbidity Duration of illness, absenteeism, exclusion, medical consultation, hospital admission, medication Parasites Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Dientamoeba
Surveillance and control Documentation of illness, co-morbidity, medication use, cohorting/exclusion, public health notification etc.    Morbidity Diarrhea, vomiting
  Population at risk Number of attending children Number of attending staff Antimicrobial resistance Standard panel of 14 antibiotics and ESBL producing bacteria
Reporting Per DCC By DCC manager Using questionnaire Via mail Every two years Reporting Per child/staff member By DCC staff member Using paper and/or digital logbook Via internet Daily (numerator)/weekly (denominator) Reporting Per child By DCC staff member Using feces envelope Via mail Every month