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Table 3 Correlates of herpes simplex-2 infection among a cross-sectional sample of male Afghan National Army recruits in univariable logistic regression, 2010–2011 (N = 4750)

From: Cross-sectional assessment of prevalence and correlates of blood-borne and sexually-transmitted infections among Afghan National Army recruits

Variable Infected (N,%) Non-infected (N,%) OR, 95% CI AOR, 95% CI
Age (years; mean ± SD) 22.5 ± 4.2 21.8 ± 3.8 1.04, 1.00 – 1.09 1.04, 1.00 – 1.09
Province of origin:    1.00, 1.00 – 1.01  
Nangahar 17, 11.8% 752, 16.3%   
Non-Nangahar 127, 88.2% 3854, 83.7%   
Education (years; mean ± SD) 4.46 ± 4.38 4.14 ± 4.33 1.02, 0.98 – 1.06  
Radio in the home 107, 74.3% 3181, 69.1% 1.29, 0.89 – 1.89  
Television in the home 61, 42.4% 1491, 32.4% 1.53, 1.10 – 2.15 1.46, 1.02 – 2.05
Lifetime depression/anxiety 39, 27.1% 1341, 29.1% 0.90, 0.62 – 1.31  
Prior alcohol use 14, 9.7% 235, 5.1% 2.00, 1.14 – 3.53 1.69, 0.95 – 3.01*
Prior hashish use 30, 20.8% 738, 16.0% 1.38, 0.92 – 2.08  
Prior opiate use 8, 5.6% 157, 3.4% 1.67, 0.80 – 3.46  
Prior incarceration 30, 20.8% 750, 16.3% 1.35, 0.90 – 2.04  
Number lifetime sexual partners (mean ± SD):
Female 1.37 ± 1.20 1.28 ± 0.96 1.09, 0.92 – 1.30  
Male 0.19 + 0.72 0.18 + 0.59 1.03, 0.79 – 1.34  
Ever sex with FSW 21, 14.7% 572, 12.5% 1.21, 0.75 – 1.94  
Condom at last FSW encounter 7, 33.3% 99, 17.3% 2.33, 1.06 – 5.10  
Ever sex with another male 17, 11.9% 576, 12.6% 0.94, 0.56 – 1.57  
Lifetime condom use 17, 11.9% 311, 6.8% 1.86, 1.10 – 3.12  
  1. OR = Odds ratio.
  2. CI = Confidence Interval.
  3. SD = standard deviation.
  4. FSW = female sex worker.
  5. *p = 0.07.