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Table 5 Results of a multivariate Generalized Estimating Equation Model Predicting smear positivity in female TB patients

From: Impact of sputum gross appearance and volume on smear positivity of pulmonary tuberculosis: a prospective cohort study

  Estimate Total
Odd ratio (95% Cl) P-value
(Intercept) −2.705   
Respiratory symptoms    
 hemoptysis 1.314 3.72 (0.76-18.19) 0.105
 duration (<3 weeks versus ≥3 weeks) 1.575 4.83 (1.71-13.64) 0.003
General symptoms 0.638 1.89 (0.40-9.01) 0.424
 purulent, bloody (versus saliva, mucoid) 1.021 2.78 (1.23-6.26) 0.014
Volume of sputum specimens    
 ≥4 ml (<4 ml versus ≥4 ml) 1.600 4.96 (1.98-12.37) 0.001
  1. Note. ─ CI confidence interval.