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Table 1 Infection rate of human Eperythrozoon in different areas of China

From: Infection rate of Eperythrozoon spp. in Chinese population: a systematic review and meta-analysis since the first Chinese case reported in 1991

  First author, publication year Province (city or county) Sample type Number of tested (N) Number of positive (n) Infection rate (%)
1-3 Chinese National Consortium on Eperythrozoonosis Research (CNCER), 1995,1996 and 1997 [1517] Jiangsu Population-based 1975 1552 78.58
Hebei Population-based 975 0 0.00
Liaoning Population-based 124 0 0.00
Ningxia Population-based 96 16 16.67
Guangxi Population-based 444 232 52.25
Guangdong Population-based 219 113 51.60
Xinjiang Population-based 200 90 45.00
4 Liu, 1997 [20] Gansu Population-based 277 205 74.01
Convenient 737 649 88.06
5 Tai, 1998 [21] Inner Mongolia Population-based 1529 540 35.32
6 Huang, 1999 [22] Yunnan (Yuxi) Population-based 1461 984 67.35
Convenient 3191 2486 77.91
7 Dong, 2000 [23] Fujian Population-based 932 434 46.57
Convenient 54 51 94.44
8 Yang, 2000 [24] Jiangsu Population-based 210 42 20.00
Convenient 190 13 6.84
9 Li, 2001 [25] Anhui Population-based 614 174 28.34
Convenient 206 98 47.57
10 Zhao, 2001 [26] Inner Mongolia Convenient 187 153 81.82
11 Tao, 2001 [27] Shandong Population-based 776 57 7.35
12 Zhang, 2002 [28] Ningxia Population-based 150 56 37.33
Convenient 150 67 44.67
13 Chen, 2003 [29] Liaoning (Dalian) Population-based 887 863 97.29
Convenient 164 120 73.17
14 Zhou, 2003 [30] Chongqing (Xingshan) Population-based 174 17 9.77
Convenient 407 2 0.49
15 Shi, 2007 [31] Tibet Population-based 3214 103 3.20
16 Zhou, 2007 [32] Hubei (Xingshan county) Population-based 5224 2931 56.11
17 He, 2007 [33] Yunnan (Gongshan) Population-based 1408 960 68.18
18 Li, 2008 [34] Shandong (Wendeng) Population-based 5217 15 0.29
19 Zhu, 2008 [35] Shanghai Population-based 997 129 12.94
20 Han, 2009 [36] Shandong (Taian) Population-based 617 85 13.78
Convenient* 201 64 31.84
Convenient 169 74 43.79
21 Qiu, 2010 [37] Guangdong (Maoming) Population-based 18316 1484 8.10
22 Huang, 2010 [38] Guangxi (Mengshan) Convenient 86 15 17.44
23 Deng, 2010 [39] Zhejiang (Hangzhou) Population-based 469 31 6.61
Convenient* 111 23 20.72
24 Zhang, 2010 [40] Liaoning (Huludao) Population-based 75 23 30.67
   Total   52433 14951 28.51
  1. *Here limited to the butcher, herdsman and veterinarian.