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Table 1 Clinical and biological data at ICU admission according to SIRS and sepsis

From: Value of soluble TREM-1, procalcitonin, and C-reactive protein serum levels as biomarkers for detecting bacteremia among sepsis patients with new fever in intensive care units: a prospective cohort study

Characteristics SIRS sepsis P value
   negative blood culture positive blood culture  
  N = 60 N = 51 N = 33  
Age (years) 51 ± 21 59 ± 18 54 ± 20 NS
Gender (n,%)     NS
Male 36 (60) 31 (60.8) 25 (75.8)  
Female 24 (40) 20 (39.2) 8 (24.2)  
Temperature (°C) 37.2 ± 0.9 38.4 ± 0.9 38.0 ± 1.2 <0.001
APACHE II score 11 ± 7 18 ± 8 17 ± 8 <0.001
SOFA score - 8 ± 4 8 ± 4 NS
Etiological factors (n,%)     
Pulmonary infection - 40 (78.4) 23 (69.7) NS
Abdominal infection - 11 (21.6) 6 (18.2) NS
Urinary tract infection - 10 (19.6) 8 (24.2) NS
Trauma/postoperative infection - 16 (31.4) 14 (42.4) NS
Catheter-related infections - 3 (5.9) 9 (27.3) 0.006
Others - 4 (3) 1 (3) NS
Predisposing factors(n,%)     
Hypertension 15 (25) 19 (37.3) 10 (30.3) NS
Diabetes 4 (6.7) 10 (19.6) 4 (12.1) NS
COPD 2 (3.3) 6 (11.8) 3 (9.1) NS
Coronary heart disease 7 (11.7) 7 (13.7) 2 (6.1) NS
Immunosuppressed 0 (0) 5 (9.8) 3 (9.1) 0.011
Nervous system disease 3 (5) 5 (5.9) 2 (6.1) NS
CKD 2 (3.3) 3 (5.9) 3 (9.1) NS
Mortality rate (n,%) 4 (6.7) 22 (43.1) 11 (33.3) P <0.001
  1. NS, not significant. Quantitative data of normal distribution are presented as mean ± SD. Quantitative data of non-normal distribution are presented as median (interquartile range). Qualitative data are presented as n (%).
  2. APACHE II score Acute Physiologic Assessment and Chronic Health Evaluation II score; SOFA score Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score; COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CKD chronic kidney disease.