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Table 3 Demographic factors associated with ACT adherence in Southeast Alego location

From: Factors associated with non-adherence to Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) to malaria in a rural population from holoendemic region of western Kenya

Demographic factors Adhered Did not adhere P-valuea OR 95 % CI P-valueb
Age <13 years 81 (57.9 %) 69 (43.9 %) 0.011 0.571 0.360-0.905 0.017
  ≥13 years 59 (42.1 %) 88 (56.1 %)   1.00 (reference category)   
Gender Male 62 (44.3 %) 79 (50.3 %) 0.178 1.274 0.807-2.013 0.229
  Female 78 (55.7 %) 78 (49.7 %)   1.00 (reference category)   
Marital status Married 30 (21.4 %) 42 (26.1 %) 0.220 1.540 0.872-2.720 0.137
  Widowed 11 (7.9 %) 11 (7.0 %)   1.352 0.551-3.319 0.510
  Separated 1 (0.7 %) 3 (1.9 %)   3.380 0.344-33.234 0.296
  Single 18 (2.9 %) 31 (19.7 %)   1.779 0.922-3.434 0.086
  Underage 80 (57.1 %) 71 (45.2 %)   1.00 (reference category)   
HH head Wife 34 (24.3 %) 48 (30.6 %) 0.140 1.373 0.821-2.296 0.227
  Husband 106 (75.7 %) 109 (69.4 %)   1.00 (reference category)   
HH size 1-2 5 (3.6 %) 10 (6.4 %) 0.121 2.339 0.757-7.229 0.140
  3-5 66 (47.1 %) 88 (56.1 %)   1.559 0.975-2.500 0.065
  ≥6 69 (49.3 %) 58 (36.9 %)   1.00 (reference category)   
  1. Legend: HH- Household, ACT- Artemisinin-based combined therapies. From the results, age significantly affected adherence in the study population (P = 0.011). aStatistical significance determined by Chi-square tests. P-value is significant at P ≤ 0.050. bStatistical significance determined by logistic regression tests.
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