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Table 5 Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A, penicillin resistance, SIREVA data 2007–2009

From: Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A in Latin America and the Caribbean: a systematic review and meta-analysis, 1990–2010

Years[[23]] Streptococcus pneumoniae 19A
Meningitis Non-meningitis
PNSP resistanta Total PNSP Total
     Intermediateb             Highb
n % n % n %
2007 8 57.1 14 2c 5.1 0 0.0 39
2008 9 64.3 14 6 d 9.4 3 d 4.7 64
2009 5 38.5 13 9 e 16.4 2 e 3.6 55
Total 22 53.7 41 17 10.8 5 3.2 158
  1. aCLSI 2010, Penicillin-Nonsusceptible S. pneumoniae (PNSP) resistant ≥ 0.125 μg/ml [61].
  2. bCLSI 2010, PNSP intermediate resistance (IR) = 4.0 μg/ml, PNSP high resistance (HR) ≥ 8.0 μg [61].
  3. cBrazil (1) MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR), Venezuela (1) MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR).
  4. dBrazil (2), MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR); Venezuela (2), MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR); Chile(1), MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR); Mexico (1), MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR); Peru (2), MIC ≥8.0 μg/ml (HR); Colombia (1), MIC ≥8.0 (HR).
  5. eChile (2), MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR); Colombia (2), MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR); Cuba (1), MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR); Dominican Republic (1), MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR); Mexico (5) 3 MIC 4.0 μg/ml (IR) and 2 MIC ≥8.0 μg/ml (HR).