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Table 2 Clinical features in 411 patients clinically examined during the outbreak of hepatitis E in Bangui in 2004

From: Clinical and epidemiological aspects of a hepatitis E outbreak in Bangui, Central African Republic

Clinical characteristics Positive IgM-HEV (n = 213)
Clinical signs
Jaundice (n = 353) 199 (93.4%)
Vomiting (n = 213) 108 (50.7%)
Hepatalgia (n = 212) 101 (47.4%)
Hepatomegaly (n = 142) 66 (30.9%)
Fever (n = 56) 31 (14.5%)
Abdominal pain (n = 18) 9 (4.2%)
Dark urine (n = 16) 8 (3.7%)
Nausea (n = 11) 7 (3.3%)
Itching (n = 9) 6 (2.8%)
Encephalopathy (n = 10) 5 (2.3%)
Myalgia (n = 3) 3 (1.4%)
Hemorrhage (n = 6) 1 (0.5%)
Discolored stools (n = 4) 1 (0.5%)
Clinical symptoms
Asthenia (n = 84) 57 (26.8%)
Distended abdomen (n = 64) 31 (14.5%)
Epigastralgia (n = 19) 12 (5.6%)
Arthralgia (n = 19) 11 (5.2%)
Anorexia (n = 10) 8 (3.7%)
Limb oedema (n = 25) 7 (3.3%)
Headache (n = 10) 4 (1.9%)
Diarrhoea (n = 7) 4 (1.9%)
Ascites (n = 5) 3 (1.4%)
Splenomegaly (n = 5) 1 (0.5%)
Deterioration of general condition (n = 5) 0
Cutaneous eruption (n = 1) 0
  1. Percentages of total of positive IgM (213)