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Table 4 Factors possibly associated with in-hospital mortality

From: In-hospital outcome of patients with culture-confirmed tuberculous pleurisy: clinical impact of pulmonary involvement

Characteristics   Unlvariate p value Multivariate pvalue Multivariate OR (95% CI.)
Age ≥ 65 years 0.025 0.865  
  < 65 years    
Underlying co-morbid illness Yes 0.001 0.036 2.60 (1.06~6.38)
  No    
Disease extent Pleuro-pulmonary 0.001 0.014 8.67 (1.56~48.27)
  Isolated pleurisy    
Serum albumin level < 3.5 g/dL < 0.001 0.344  
  ≥ 3.5 g/dL    
Anemia Presence 0.008 0.444  
  Absence    
Drug resistance Anyone 0.370   
  All sensitive    
Radiographic finding Bilateral 0.002 0.211  
  Unilateral    
Days to anti-tuberculous treatment No treated < 0.001 < 0.001 12.17 (3.88~38.14)
  > 14 days 0.164 0.914 1.06 (0.38~2.92)
  ≤ 14 days    
  1. The 65 patients with typical pleural pathology for TP were all alive at discharge, whereas 39 of the remaining 140 patients died in hospital (p < 0.001 by the chi-square test). Therefore, logistic regression was performed on the 140 patients who had not received a pleural biopsy or had no typical pleural pathology for TP.