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Table 1 Ebola haemorrhagic fever case definitions, Masindi/Uganda 2000

From: Ebola haemorrhagic fever outbreak in Masindi District, Uganda: outbreak description and lessons learned

Term Used by To decide on Criteria
Alert case Community members, health care workers not directly involved in EHF response Alert mobile surveillance team? A1 Any person with sudden onset of fever
A2 Any person with haemorrhage
A3 Any sudden death
Suspect case Mobile surveillance team Transport to hospital? S1 Any person who [had slept in the same house as a case, or had touched the body of a case (dead or alive), or had touched linens or body fluids of a case] AND has fever
S2 Any person who has at least three of the following symptoms:
[headache, nausea/vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, intense fatigue, abdominal pain, muscle or joint pain, difficulty with swallowing, difficulty with breathing, hiccup] AND has fever
S3 Any person with any of the following symptoms:
bleeding gums, bleeding into the eyes, bleeding into the skin, black or bloody stool, bloody vomit, nose bleed
Probable case Clinicians of isolation unit Isolate patient and take blood sample for EHF testing? As for suspect case, plus not explicitly defined clinical criteria for differential diagnoses
Confirmed case Clinicians of isolation unit Transfer patient to confirmed case section within Ebola ward? C1 A probable case with a positive Ebola antigen capture ELISA or PCR
C2 A probable case with prior contact to another confirmed case and positive for anti-Ebola IgG ELISA