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Table 2 Final model of the risk factors for defaulting from TB treatment among HIV subjects in the State of Pernambuco, 2007-2009

From: Risk factors for default from tuberculosis treatment in HIV-infected individuals in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil: a prospective cohort study

Variables ORadj 95% CI P-value
Sex    
Female 1.00   
Male 2.28 1.06 - 4.94 0.036
Age group    
18 to 29 years 1.00   
30 years or more 0.50 0.25 - 0.99 0.047
Education level    
Complete or incomplete primary education 1.00   
Complete or incomplete secondary or university education 0.33 0.15 - 0.71 0.005
Smoking status    
Never smoked 1.00   
Former smoker 1.07 0.43 - 2.67 0.876
Current smoker 2.62 1.31 - 5.26 0.007
CD4 T-cell count    
200 or more 1.00   
Less than 200 2.93 1.56 - 5.23 0.001
HAART use    
Did not start HAART 1.00   
Before treatment for TB 0.32 0.15 - 0.67 0.003
At any time during TB treatment 0.12 0.05 - 0.33 0.000
  1. ORadj, adjusted OR.
  2. Alcohol consumption was included in the final multivariate model but it was subsequently excluded because it was not statistically significant.