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Table 2 Risk factors associated with HSV-2 seroprevalence among pregnant women in Northeast India (n = 1640).

From: Seroprevalence and risk factors of herpes simplex virus type-2 infection among pregnant women in Northeast India

Characteristics (n) HSV-2 Sero
Prevalence
n (%)
Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
   OR 95%
C.I.
p value AOR 95%
C.I.
p value
Age groups        
18 to 21 yrs (355) 23 (6.5) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
22 to 25 yrs (592) 62 (10.5) 1.69 1.03-2.78 0.04 1.90 1.09-3.31 0.02
26 to 29 yrs (385) 28 (7.3) 1.13 0.64-2.01 0.67 1.52 0.81-2.87 0.19
> 29 yrs (308) 29 (9.4) 1.50 0.85-2.65 0.16 2.29 1.19-4.39 0.01
States        
Manipur (402) 11 (2.7) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
Assam (300) 12 (4.0) 1.48 0.64-3.40 0.36 2.30 0.96-5.48 0.06
Meghalaya (400) 42 (10.5) 4.17 2.11-8.22 < 0.001 5.13 2.52-10.43 < 0.001
Mizoram (231) 31 (13.4) 5.51 2.71-11.2 < 0.001 4.51 2.15-9.49 < 0.001
Arunachal Pradesh (307) 46 (15.0) 6.27 3.19-12.3 < 0.001 11.49 5.18-25.48 < 0.001
Occupation        
Unskilled worker (75) 12 (6.9) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
House wife (1310) 105 (8.0) 1.18 0.64-2.20 0.59 1.55 0.80-3.00 0.20
Business (45) 6 (13.3) 2.09 0.74-5.92 0.17 2.28 0.72-7.20 0.16
Regular employee (110) 19 (17.3) 2.84 1.32-6.11 0.008 3.45 1.35-8.81 0.01
Education        
Graduate & above (115) 6 (5.2) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
Secondary (462) 42 (9.1) 1.82 0.75-4.38 0.18 2.57 0.92-7.19 0.07
Primary & less (1063) 94 (8.8) 1.76 0.75-4.12 0.19 3.73 1.29-10.75 0.02
Type of family        
Joint (616) 35 (5.7) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
Nuclear (990) 99 (10.4) 1.93 1.30-2.88 0.001 1.66 1.08-2.57 0.02
Single (74) 8 (10.8) 2.01 0.90-4.52 0.090 1.72 0.64-4.64 0.28
Income group        
Low (1177) 85 (7.2) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
Middle (463) 57 (12.3) 1.80 1.27-2.57 0.001 2.15 1.39-3.31 0.001
Coitarchal age        
> 30 yrs (29) 1 (3.4) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
18 to 30 yrs (1335) 91 (6.8) 2.05 0.28-15.2 0.48 2.36 0.29-19.40 0.43
< 18 yrs (218) 48 (22.0) 7.91 1.05-59.6 0.045 9.59 1.13-81.65 0.04
No response (58) 2 (3.4) 1.00 0.09-11.5 1.00 0.60 0.05-7.83 0.70
Alcohol use        
Never user (1267) 97 (7.7) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
Regular & occasional users (373) 45 (12.1) 1.66 1.14-2.41 0.008 1.18 0.74-1.86 0.49
Sex partner        
Single (1601) 134 (8.4) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
More than 1 (39) 8 (20.5) 2.83 1.27-6.27 0.01 2.50 1.02-6.13 0.045
Condom use        
Regular & occasional users (341) 18 (5.3) Ref -- -- Ref -- --
Never user (1299) 124 (9.5) 1.9 1.14-3.15 0.01 4.73 2.51-8.91 < 0.001
  1. AOR: Adjusted Odds Ratio; 95% CI: 95% confidence interval; Coitarchal age: age at first intercourse