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Table 6 Distribution of the factors affecting prescription of antibiotics in children up to 12 years with acute diarrhoea in Ujjain, India

From: Adherence to treatment guidelines for acute diarrhoea in children up to 12 years in Ujjain, India - a cross-sectional prescription analysis

Factors affecting antibiotic prescription Categories Antibiotics (n = 602)
   n %# Adjusted OR 95%CI P Value
Practitioner 's qualification Postgraduates 571 70 1 - -
  Allopathic graduates 101 39 1.32 0.52-3.35 0.548
  Alternate medicine and informal health-care providers 171 95 3.21* 1.19-8.65 0.023
Practice setting Charitable 141 74 1 - -
  Free 170 8 0.01 0.01-0.04 < 0.001
  Private 532 91 2.54 0.91-7.09 0.073
  Fever (no) 401 64 1 - -
Associated symptoms yes 442 78 3.32* 1.82-6.07 < 0.001
  Pain in stomach (no) 660 66 1 - -
  yes 183 92 7.25* 1.81-28.94 0.007
  Blood in stools (no) 754 0.4 1 - -
  yes 89 97 9.93* 3.65-27.01 < 0.001
  1. * P < 0.05
  2. Results adjusted for age of the child and sex.
  3. n=number in each category and %# = proportion of those providers who prescribe antibiotics.