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Table 3 Risk factors for successful tracing in adults lost to follow-up. Odds ratios are derived from logistic regression; P-values using likelihood ratio tests. (N = 659)

From: Outcomes and associated risk factors of patients traced after being lost to follow-up from antiretroviral treatment in Lilongwe, Malawi

Parameter % traced (95% CI#) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P
Gender    0.34
   Female 73.8 (68.9-78.3) 1.20 (0.83-1.73)  
   Male 73.7 (68.4-78.5) 1  
Age group    0.11
   15-29 63.9 (54.7-72.4) 1  
   30-39 74.2 (68.7-79.2) 1.59 (0.99-2.55)  
   40-49 78.5 (72.0-84.1) 1.91 (1.12-3.24)  
   ≥ 50 76.2 (63.8-86.0) 1.71 (0.83-3.5)  
Reason start ART    0.39
   Low CD4 count 72.2 (60.4-82.1) 1  
   WHO stage 3 73.9 (69.5-77.9) 1.15 (0.64-2.04)  
   WHO stage 4 71.8 (63.0-79.5) 1.07 (0.54-2.12)  
   Other/unknown 89.5 (66.9-98.7) 3.38 (0.7-16.43)  
Time of last visit*    0.94
   No follow-up 72.5 (63.1-80.6) 1  
   Months 1 to 6 71.3 (66.1-76.1) 0.95 (0.57-1.57)  
   Months 7 to 12 76.9 (66.0-85.7) 0.92 (0.45-1.89)  
   Months 13 or later 78.7 (71.0-85.2) 0.77 (0.34-1.74)  
Telephone contact    < 0.001
   None 67.0 (61.9-71.9) 1  
   Available 81.4 (76.6-85.6) 2.07 (1.42-3.01)  
Treatment period    0.13
   Paying 79.5 (73.5-84.6) 1.66 (0.85-3.23)  
   Free ART 70.9 (66.4-75.1) 1  
  1. # binomial exact 95% confidence interval
  2. *Follow up time from start of ART until last patient visit