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Table 2 Total cost* for patients included in the study with diagnosis of herpes zoster

From: Epidemiology and cost of herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia among patients treated in primary care centres in the valencian community of Spain

  TPP perspective** Societal perspective‡
Direct costsϕ Total Mean SD % Total Mean SD %
Primary care visits 11,521.24 88.62 56.14 28.64% 11,521.24 88.62 56.14 23.44%
Primary care emergencies 7,178.42 55.22 86.68 17.84% 7,178.42 55.22 86.68 14.60%
Specialist visits 1,726.48 13.28 41.76 4.29% 1,726.48 13.28 41.76 3.51%
Other professional visits 662.80 5.10 46.72 1.65% 662.80 5.10 46.72 1.35%
Hospitalizations 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hospital emergencies 2,369.92 18.23 53.62 5.89% 2,369.92 18.23 53.62 4.82%
Diagnostic tests 625.25 4.81 13.92 1.55% 625.25 4.81 13.92 1.27%
Medication 13,443.62 103.41 132.38 33.41% 18,115.26 139.35 138.26 36.85%
Indirect costs#
Absenteeism from work 2,706.18 20.82 137.74 6.73% 6,887.35 52.98 316.86 14.01%
Carers † 0 0 0 0 73.14 0.56 6.41 0.15%
  1. * In 2007 euros.
  2. Other professionals: physiotherapist, nurses and alternative medical practitioners.
  3. † Carers: those persons or relatives who took care of herpes zoster patients.
  4. ** TPP Perspective (Third-Party Payer = Spanish Social Security): public medical visits + diagnostic test + percentage that Spanish National Health System pays for prescriptions.
  5. ‡ Societal perspective: TPP perspective items + percentage that patient pay for prescription + private medical visits + medication not included in the Spanish National System + cost for lost hours of work.
  6. ϕ Direct costs: medical care and medications, and included: 1) the number of medical visits: primary care visits, primary care emergency consultations, specialist visits, other professional visits, hospitalizations, hospital emergencies; 2) medications prescribed and/or consumed and 3) diagnostic tests.
  7. # Indirect costs: productivity losses of patients and/or their carers, calculated from the number of hours of work missed due to herpes zoster.
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