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Table 3 Odds Ratios (ORs) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) for Associations of various Risk Factors for Endocarditis and In-hospital Mortality among HIV Patients with Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia (n = 131)

From: Community-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusBacteremia and Endocarditis among HIV Patients: A cohort study

  Endocarditis In-hospital Mortality
Characteristic OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
CA-MRSA 2.73 (1.30, 5.71) 2.93 (0.78, 10.96)
Age 0.98 (0.94, 1.03) 1.08 (0.99, 1.17)
Male Sex 0.46 (0.22, 0.94) 0.35 (0.10, 1.33)
Receiving ART 0.67 (0.31, 1.42) *
APACHE II ≥11 1.71 (0.85, 3.42) **
CD4 <200 cells/mm 3 2.01 (0.87, 4.62) 0.47 (0.08, 2.91)
Hepatitis C 1.23 (0.60, 2.50) 0.57 (0.16, 2.08)
Hypertension 0.92 (0.40, 2.12) 0.91 (0.18, 4.57)
Intravenous Drug Use 1.79 (0.90, 3.59) 1.58 (0.42, 5.87)
End-stage Renal Disease 1.23 (0.48, 3.12) 0.56 (0.07, 4.68)
  1. Note: CA-MRSA: community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, ART: antiretroviral therapy, APACHE: Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation score
  2. *Could not be calculated because no patients receiving ART died.
  3. **Could not be calculated because no patients with APACHE <11 died.