Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline data, clinical characteristics and CSF laboratory data

From: Clinical characteristics and cerebrospinal fluid parameters in patients with peripheral facial palsy caused by Lyme neuroborreliosis compared with facial palsy of unknown origin (Bell's palsy)

  Bell's palsy
(n = 51)
Definite Lyme
neuroborreliosis
(n = 34)
Possible Lyme
neuroborreliosis
(n = 17)
p*
Gender, female 26 (51%) 13 (38%) 7 (41%)  
Age 36 (15-70) 46 (7-75) 28 (8-70) 0.04
Tick bite within 3 months 7 (14%) 10 (29%) 4 (24%) 0.08
Symptoms     
   Local pain, affected side of face 17 (33%) 17 (50%) 7 (41%) 0.43
   Radiculitic pain, other location 5 (10%) 17 (50%) 1 (6%) < 0.001
   Local sensibility disturbances 6 (12%) 2 (6%) 2 (12%) 0.36
   Other sensibility disturbances 0 (0%) 8 (24%) 1 (6%) < 0.001
   Other pareses 0 (0%) 3 (9%) 1 (6%) 0.03
   No associated neurogical symptoms 25 (49%) 6 (18%) 7 (41%)  
Duration of symptoms before LP, days 5 (1-90) 14 (1-75) 12 (2-120)  
CSF laboratory data     
   Mononuclear cells, no/μL 2 (0-534) 165 (32-1044) 3 (0-41) < 0.001
   Albumin, mg/L 196 (76-768) 840 (197-2850) 204 (66-774) < 0.001
  1. Comparison between patients with peripheral facial palsy diagnosed as Bell's palsy, definite Lyme neuroborreliosis or possible Lyme neuroborreliosis. Data for gender, history of tick bite and symptoms are presented as number of patients (percentage of total for the group). Data for numerical values are presented as median (range). *p-values refer to the comparison between the groups with Bell's palsy and definite Lyme neuroborreliosis.