Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Studies of interventions to increase screening in males (n = 6)

From: Efficacy of interventions to increase the uptake of chlamydia screening in primary care: a systematic review

Author surname, year Country Intervention type Evaluation design Clinics (n) Target age group (yrs) Intervention phase Intervention group Control group Statistical findings reported** Crude RR (and 95% CI) calculated by reviewer**
        Patients (n) % screened Patients (n) % screened   
       During 4190 4.2% 8524 2.1%   
Morgan[21] 2009 NZ Incentive Non-RCT 49 16-24 Roll out 5588 3.4% 11333 2.1% NR 2.0 (1.6-2.5)A
       Before 2833 3.0% 5529 1.7%   
Anderson[6] 2005 Denmark Alternative specimen collection Non-RCT 3 16-25 During 617 29.4% 11204 3.8% p < 0.01B 7.7 (6.6-9.0)A
       Before 607 3.7% 12007 3.4%   
Armstrong[14] 2003 Scotland Doctor education Non-RCT 2 15-24 During -* 16^ -* 10^ NR 1.6C, D
       Before -* 4^ -* 8^   
Bilardi[16] 2009 Aust Patient education Non-RCT 3 16-24 During 965 3.0% -* -* p = 0.77B 1.1 (0.7-2.0)
       Before 732 2.7% -* -*   
Tebb[24] 2005 US   RCT 10 14-18 During 990 44.9% 1024 15.1% p < 0.01 3.0 (2.5-3.5)
   Quality improvement program     Before 76 2.6% 61 7.0%   
Merritt[20] 2007 Australia   RCT 6 15-24 Late-intervention -* 6.3%# -* -* NR 1.4C
       Before -* 4.5%# -* -*   
  1. ** Higher odds ratio or relative risk means intervention leads to greater screening
  2. Aust-Australia, US = United States, UK = United Kingdom, NZ = New Zealand, RCT = Randomised controlled trial, OR-odds ratio, RR-relative risk, M = male F = female NR = not reported,*Information not reported, ^total tests # available for four of six practices
  3. A = Screening rate in intervention clinic compared to control clinic during intervention period only
  4. B = Author conducted a test for equality in proportions
  5. C = Insufficient information to reviewers to calculate 95% CI
  6. D = Reviewers compared total tests in intervention clinic to control clinic during intervention period only