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Table 2 Trends in contraceptive use (uptake and discontinuation) among young people

From: To use or not to use a condom: A prospective cohort study comparing contraceptive practices among HIV-infected and HIV-negative youth in Uganda

  Contraceptive use at
Baseline
Discontinued use during
12 months follow-up
Uptake during 12 months
follow-up
Factors Total 600 N (%) P value Total 392 N (%) P Value Total 587 N (%) P value OR (95%CI)
Age of respondent           
   15- 19 years 214 79 (36.9)   117 73 (26.6)   266 75 (28.2)   1.0
   20 -24 years 386 211 (54.7) 0.000 275 37 (31.6) 0.306 319 129 (40.4) 0.002 1.73 (1.22, 2.46)
HIV status of respondent           
   Infected 248 84 (33.9)   110 26 (23.6)   215 61 (28.4) 0.012 0.63 (0.44, 0.91)
   Negative 352 206 (58.5) 0.000 282 84 (29.8) 0.223 370 143 (38.7)   1.0
Sex of respondent           
   Female 451 222 (49.2)   291 87 (29.9)   435 150 (34.5)   1.0
   Male 149 68 (45.6) 0.448 101 23 (22.8) 0.170 150 54 (36.0) 0.737 1.07 (0.73, 1.58)
Marital status           
   Single 156 24 (15.4)   55 19 (34.6)   235 55 (23.4)   1.0
   Married/in a relationship 399 254 (63.7) 0.000 317 85 (26.8) 0.490 314 135 (43.0) 0.000 2.46 (1.68, 3.62)
   Separated or widowed 45 12 (26.7)   20 6 (30.0)   36 14 (38.9)   2.08 (0.99, 4.37)
Education level           
   Primary 162 75 (46.3)   88 22 (25.0)   136 38 (27.9)   1.0
   Secondary 222 93 (41.9)   130 38 (29.2)   245 76 (31.0) 0.530 1.16 (0.73, 1.84)
   Higher and above 214 121 (56.5) 0.008 173 49 (28.3) 0.780 202 89 (44.1) 0.003 2.03 (1.27, 3.26)
Age difference with partner           
   5 years or less 239 159 (66.5)   202 57 (28.2)   193 84 (43.5)   1.0
   6 years or more 128 78 (60.9)   93 26 (28.0)   98 43 (43.9) 0.954 1.01 (0.62, 1,66)
   No partner 233 53 (22.8) 0.000 97 27 (27.8) 0.997 294 77 (26.2) 0.000 0.46 (0.31, 0.68)
Religion of respondent           
   Born again (Pentecostal) 122 46 (37.7)   70 26 (37.1)   129 39 (30.2)   1.0
   Catholic 211 107 (50.7)   131 34 (26.0)   193 60 (31.1) 0.871 1.04 (0.64, 1.69)
   Protestant 180 91 (50.6)   130 35 (26.9)   184 73 (39.7) 0.087 1.52 (0.94, 2.46)
   Muslim 84 43 (51.2) 0.085 58 15 (25.9) 0.341 77 30 (39.0) 0.200 1.47 (0.81, 2.67)
Discussed with health workers about childbearing           
   No 68 33 (48.5)   48 10 (20.8)   87 30 (34.5)   
   Yes 532 257 (48.3) 0.973 344 100(29.1) 0.234 498 174 (34.9) 0.937 1.02 (0.63, 1.65)
Discussed with partner about childbearing          
   No 273 74 (27.1)   132 35 (26.5)   342 100 (29.2)   
   Yes 327 216 (66.1) 0.000 266 75 (28.9) 0.627 243 104 (42.8) 0.001 1.81 (1.28, 2.57)
  1. Note:
  2. • Column labeled contraceptive use at baseline is the percentage of sexually active young people reporting using contraception at baseline stratified by various co-variates (the rows).
  3. • Column heading "discontinued use during the 12 months' follow-up". This is includes those who were using contraception at baseline plus those who became sexually active, started use and discontinued by end of follow-up.
  4. Uptake during the 12 months' follow-up, the denominator comprised of those not using contraception at baseline including those who were abstaining but later started having sex.