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Table 2 Predictors of combined P. falciparum antibody and infection prevalence shown as cluster-adjusted and weighted percentages (95%CI) [n/N]

From: Establishing the extent of malaria transmission and challenges facing pre-elimination in the Republic of Djibouti

  P. falciparumantibody exposure and infection prevalence χ2 , p-value
Rural vs Urban 12.8 (7.7 - 18.0) [188/1291] vs 9.9 (7.1 - 12.6) [362/3478] 7.89, p= 0.2906
Region   
Ali Sabieh 11.7 (4.1 - 19.3) [57/454]  
Arta 10.5 (6.2 - 14.9) [25/222]  
Dikhil 14.1 (7.0 - 21.3) [109/711]  
Djibouti Ville 8.1 (4.8 - 11.4) [172/2032]  
Obock 11.3 (5.6 - 17.1) [68/595]  
Tadjourah 14.0 (6.0 - 21.9) [119/755] 33.98 p= 0.3144
ITN use vs not used 12.2 (6.5 - 17.8) [100/740] vs 10.30 (7.9 - 12.6 [450/4029] 2.31, p= 0.4456
Fever in last 14 days Yes vs No 9.0 (4.1 - 14.0) [26/254] vs 10.6 (8.2 - 13.1) [524/4515] 0.63, p= 0.5207
Fever on the day of survey Yes vs No 15.5 (6.3 - 24.7) [14/91] vs 10.5 (8.1 - 12.9) [536/4678] 2.35, p= 0.1780
Cluster located in arid area Yes vs No 12.0 (8.4 - 15.7) [343/2727] vs 9.7 (5.8 - 11.6) [207/2042] 13.83, p= 0.1607
≤0.1 km vs > 0.1 km to arid area 11.5 (8.2 - 14.9) [362/2987] vs 9.0 (5.7 - 12.3) [188/1782] 7.44, p= 0.3069
≤0.5 km vs >0.5 km to main road/rail 10.2 (6.7 - 13.7) [274/2456] vs 11.0 (7.6 - 14.3) [276/2313] 0.74, p= 0.7549
≤7 km vs > 7 km to the coast line 9.5 (6.7 - 12.4) [276/2466] vs 12.6 (8.3 - 17.1) [274/2303] 0.01, p= 0.9910
Travelled anywhere in the last 6 months yes vs no 10.5 (7.2 - 13.9) [60/403] vs 10.6 (7.0 - 14.1) [490/4366] 3.03, p= 0.3020
Most poor vs Least poor 15.0 (9.0 - 21.0) [171/1063] vs 6.3 (3.4 - 9.2) [64/973] 41.83, p= 0.0039