The location of clusters that are
antibody/infection prevalence hot spots (red dots, n = 5), cold spots (blue dots, n = 34) and those that don't show significant clustering (green dots, n = 90) relative to neighbouring clusters. Significance of clustering was analysed using the Getis-Ord G-statistic . Positive Z-scores with significant G-statistic indicated hot spots while negative Z-scores indicated cold spots. The G-statistic was computed using ArcGIS 9.3 Spatial Statistics toolbox (ESRI Inc. USA). 33/34 of the cold spots were in Djibouti Ville while all hot spots were in Dikhil region.