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Table 1 Clinical and laboratory Data of study subjects

From: Fasting plasma glucose is an independent predictor for severity of H1N1 pneumonia

  Patient with non-H1N1 pneumonia (n = 67) Patients with confirmed H1N1 pneumonia (n = 34) Odds Ratio (95%CI) for H1N1 P Value
Age (years) 33.70 ± 13.32 37.76 ± 12.59   
Male (%) 53.7 55.9   
BMI 24.98 ± 4.75 24.54 ± 3.69   
Duration of hospitalization (days) 11.91 ± 8.77 17.65 ± 8.28**   
Mechanical ventilation(no.) 12 18   
Excluded patient(no.) 4 7   
   Pregnant women 1 3   
   Diabetes of history 3 2   
   Death 0 2   
White cell count (×109/L) 7.89 ± 5.90 8.84 ± 5.95 1.011(0.984-1.040) 0.417
Neutrophils (×109/L) 4.67 ± 2.78 5.86 ± 3.68 1.121(0.938-1.339) 0.208
Lymphocytes (×109/L) 1.16 ± 0.56 0.87 ± 0.63 0.367(0.120-1.121) 0.078
Monocytes (×109/L) 0.51 ± 0.32 0.42 ± 0.36 0.358(0.058-2.205) 0.268
ALT (U/L) 81.53 ± 139.48 53.39 ± 43.59 0.997(0.990-1.003) 0.309
AST (U/L) 102.54 ± 183.13 122.82 ± 145.68 1.000(0.998-1.003) 0.704
CK (U/L) 190.68 ± 225.53 345.86 ± 635.14 1.001(1.000-1.002) 0.079
CK-MB (U/L) 22.32 ± 18.81 19.55 ± 13.30 0.995(0.953-1.038) 0.811
LDH (U/L) 501.59 ± 613.70 1139.63 ± 1086.24** 1.001(1.000-1.002) 0.010*
BUN (μmol/L) 4.54 ± 2.42 6.57 ± 4.46* 1.184(1.024-1.369) 0.022*
CREA (μmol/L) 76.93 ± 35.19 92.97 ± 52.57 1.009(0.998-1.019) 0.119
FPG (mmol/L) 6.13 ± 1.54 7.93 ± 3.44** 1.377(1.062-1.786) 0.016*
PO2 (mmHg) 79.42 ± 31.73 70.29 ± 36.53 1.003(0.985-1.021) 0.729
PCO2 (mmHg) 37.10 ± 4.79 35.86 ± 5.20 0.948(0.856-1.046) 0.280
SaO2 (%) & 93.23 ± 7.30 86.29 ± 13.23* 1.045(0.976-1.118) 0.205
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01, vs. non-H1N1 patients; *significant exam associated with H1N1 infection assessed by logistic regression after controlling age, sex and BMI. The data expressed as mean ± SD, or percentage, or OR and 95%CI