Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Characteristics of disease presentation of hospitalized patients with TB requiring intensive care

From: Mortality among patients with tuberculosis requiring intensive care: a retrospective cohort study

  Nonsurvivors (n = 44) Survivors (n = 23) p-value
APACHE II score 22.4 ± 6.9 23.4 ± 6.8 0.625
Early ICU admission 10 (100) 0 0.004
Presence of at least one symptom 35 (81.4) 21 (91.3) 0.474
Pulmonary TB 27 (61.4) 18 (78.3) 0.261
Isolated Pulmonary TB 16 (36.4) 8 (34.8) 0.999
Isolated Extrapulmonary TB 16 (36.4) 5 (21.7) 0.343
Pulmonary + Extrapulmonary TB 12 (27.3) 10 (43.5) 0.286
Cavitary disease 3 (6.8) 2 (8.7) 0.999
Milliary radiological pattern 2 (4.5) 6 (26.1) 0.016
Smear-positive sputum 10 (38.5) 15 (75.0) 0.030
Delayed diagnosis 14 (33.3) 7 (31.8) 0.999
WBC > 12000 mm-3 11 (25.0) 2 (8.7) 0.192
Rifampicin-based regimens 44 (100) 20 (87.0) 0.037
Hepatotoxicity during hospitalization 5 (11.4) 6 (26.1) 0.167
Mechanical ventilation 41 (93.2) 21 (91.3) 0.999
Duration of mechanical ventilation, d 5 (2-15) 9.5 (3.75-21.3) 0.228
Sepsis 43 (97.7) 21 (93.3) 0.269
Septic shock 39 (88.6) 17 (73.9) 0.167
ARDS 5 (11.4) 4 (17.4) 0.481
Ventilator-associated pneumonia 9 (20.5) 11 (47.8) 0.041
Acute renal failure 17 (38.6) 4 (17.4) 0.133
Multiple organ failure 37 (84.1) 21 (91.3) 0.708
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD, n (%), or median (interquartile range). WBC: white blood cell. ARDS: acute respiratory distress syndrome.