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Table 3 Characteristics and HBV-DNA positivity in HBsAg negative HIV positive patients with or without the presence of other marker of HBV infection.

From: Occult Hepatitis B Virus infection in ART-Naive HIV-Infected Patients seen at a Tertiary Care Centre in North India

  Serological Status HBV-DNA Status*
  Positive for any marker
n = 24
pa Pos (%)
n = 9
Neg (%)
n = 15
pa
Sex      
   Male 19 0.6 7 (77.8) 12 (80) 1.0
   Female 5   2 (22.2) 3 (20)  
Risk factors      
   Heterosexual 20 0.3 8 (88.9) 12 (80) 1.0
   Transfusion 2   1 (11.1) 1 (6.7)  
   IVDU 2   0 2 (13.3)  
CD4 cell counts      
   ≤ 200 15 0.03 6 (66.7) 9 (60) 1.0
   >200 9   3 (33.3) 6 (40)  
ALT levels      
   Raisedb 9 0.73 5 (55.6) 7 (46.7) 1.0
Other infections      
   HCV posc 4 1.0 1 (11.1) 3 (20) 1.0
   TB posd 6 1.0 3 (33.3) 3 (20) 0.63
  1. Note: Figures indicate number and percentage (in parenthesis) of patients unless indicated otherwise. n = total no. tested; HCV, hepatitis C virus; TB, tuberculosis; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; IVDU, injection drug use
  2. a Determined by Fisher's exact test for proportions
  3. b Defined as serum ALT levels >40 IU/L
  4. c Determined by anti-HCV IgM antibodies
  5. d Diagnosis of tuberculosis was based on clinical suspicion, chest X-ray findings and sputum mycobacteriology
  6. * In none of the remaining 29 patients, who were negative for all HBV seromarkers, HBV DNA was detected.