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Table 5 Self treatment and help seeking for a cholera vignette in peri-urban and rural Zanzibar, n = 356

From: Social and cultural features of cholera and shigellosis in peri-urban and rural communities of Zanzibar

  Peri-urban site, n = 179   Rural site, n = 177   
  How reported?b   How reported?b   
Categorya Total reported % Fraction spon. Most helpful % Mean prominencec Total reported % Fraction spon. Most helpful % Mean prominencec  
Self treatment at home          
Antibiotics/drugs 44.7 0.26 15.6 1.03 72.3 0.14 24.9 1.57 ***
Doing nothing at home 27.9 1.00 22.9 1.25 19.8 1.00 4.5 0.53 **
Drinking more water or liquids 68.7 0.45 19.6 1.58 69.5 0.10 9.6 1.05 **
Herbal treatment 49.7 0.75 14.0 1.29 83.1 0.73 28.8 2.31 ***
Oral rehydration therapy/solution 59.8 0.28 21.2 1.40 72.9 0.07 23.7 1.49  
Prayers 55.9 0.02 5.6 0.74 47.5 0.00 8.5 0.73  
Outside help seeking          
Faith healers 11.7 0.00 0.0 0.12 18.1 0.00 2.3 0.25  
Health facilities 100.0 1.00 95.5 4.87 100.0 1.00 80.2 4.41 ***
Informal help from health worker/friend 38.5 0.00 4.5 0.52 73.4 0.00 15.8 1.21 ***
Pharmacy/OTC 27.4 0.00 0.0 0.27 40.7 0.00 1.1 0.44 **
Traditional healers 3.9 0.00 0.0 0.04 9.6 0.06 0.6 0.12 *
  1. a Categories ordered alphabetically. Categories reported by less than 5% not listed; b Columns indicate percentage of reported categories, fraction of spontaneously mentioned categories and whether a category was identified as most helpful; cMean prominence based on values assigned to each reported category (0 = not reported, 1 = reported after probing, 2 = reported spontaneously, 3 = identified as most helpful).
  2. Wilcoxon test used to compare mean prominence between both sites (* p ≤ 0.05, ** p ≤ 0.01, *** p ≤ 0.001).