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Table 2 Sample characteristics of study respondents from the general adult population of Zanzibar, n = 356

From: Social and cultural features of cholera and shigellosis in peri-urban and rural communities of Zanzibar

  Peri-urban site, n = 179 Rural site, n = 177
Sex (%)   
Female 48.6 52.0
Age (years)   
Mean (standard deviation) 36.5 (14.1) 34.4 (14.9)
Median (range) 35 (18-85) 30 (18-90)
Marital status a ** (%)   
Never married 23.5 11.9
Married 68.7 84.2
Separated 0.6 0.0
Divorced 4.5 3.4
Widowed 2.8 0.6
Household size b *** (number of persons)   
Mean (standard deviation) 7.4 (3.2) 6.2 (2.7)
Occupation a *** (%)   
Agriculture 4.5 57.1
Fishing 2.2 12.4
Self-employment 22.3 11.9
Formal employment 11.7 4.0
Housewife 33.5 9.0
Casual labourer 2.2 0.6
Student 14.5 4.0
Not active/retired 8.9 1.1
Highest educational level attained c *** (%)   
No education 9.5 4.5
Koranic school 10.1 34.5
Primary school 23.5 33.9
Secondary school 54.2 25.4
Higher education 2.8 1.7
Education c *** (years)   
Median (range) 10 (0-16) 6 (0-20)
Household income (%)   
More regular and dependable 59.8 52.0
Less regular and dependable 40.2 48.0
  1. a Pearson Chi2 or Fisher's exact test; b t test; c Wilcoxon test
  2. * p ≤ 0.05, ** p ≤ 0.01, *** p ≤ 0.001