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Table 1 Characteristics of admitted patients included in the study

From: Prevalence and acquisition of MRSA amongst patients admitted to a tertiary-care hospital in brazil

Variable Pediatric patients Adult patients
  Negative Positive Negative Positive
  (N = 172) (N = 4) (N = 279) (N = 18)
Male sex (%) 101 (58.7) 2 (50.0) 157(56.3) 10 (55.6)
Mean age, years (SD) 4.1 (4.2) 7.8 (5.1) 54.1 (18.3) 59.8 (22.7)
Transfer (%)# 18 (10.5) 0 (0.0) 12 (4.3) 2 (11.1)
Admission by ER (%) 105 (61.0) 2 (50.0) 223 (79.9) 15 (83.3)
Median LOS, days (IQR) 8.0 (12.0) 11.0 (32.0) 11.0 (16.0) 14.0 (12.0)
Hospital admission last year (%)
Median N admissions(IQR)*
116 (67.4)
1.0 (3.0)
4 (100.0)
2.0 (5.0)
163 (58.4)
1 (2.0)
16 (88.9)
4(5.0)
Ambulatory care (%)§ 27 (15.7) 1 (25.0) 50 (17.9) 4 (22.2)
Previous MRSA (%) 30 (17.4) 2 (50.0) 22 (7.9) 1 (5.6)
Antimicrobials 2 wks before (%) 66 (38.4) 2 (50.0) 75 (26.9) 9 (50.0)
Corticosteroids 2 wks before (%) 30 (17.4) 1(25.0) 23 (8.2) 3 (16.7)
Immunosupressors 2 wks before (%) 4 (2.3) 0 (0.0) 15 (5.4) 0 (0.0)
Skin lesions (%) 38 (22.1) 1 (25.0) 55 (19.7) 3 (16.7)
HIV infection (%) 5 (2.9) 0 (0) 31 (11.1) 1 (5.6)
Diabetes mellitus (%) 2 (1.2) 1 (25.0) 53 (19.0) 4 (22.2)
Any neoplasia (%) 33 (19.2) 1 (25.0) 4 (30.1) 5 (27.8)
Pulmonary disease (%) 37 (21.6) 2 (50.0) 31 (11.1) 1 (5.6)
  1. ER: Emergency Room, LOS: length of stay, IQR: interquartile range, wks: weeks, MRSA: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus HIV: human immunodeficiency virus
  2. # Transfer from another hospital or long term care facility
  3. * in patients with at least one admission in the last year
  4. § Ambulatory care due chronic condition: dialysis and/or chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy
  5. ¶ Cystic Fibrosis, Asthma or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease