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Table 5 Comparative epidemiology of Melioidosis

From: Incidence, risk factors and clinical epidemiology of melioidosis: a complex socio-ecological emerging infectious disease in the Alor Setar region of Kedah, Malaysia

Variable Australia1 Thailand2 Singapore3 Pahang, Malaysia4 This study
No. of cases 252 423 372 135 145
Incidence* 19.6 4.4 1.7 6.1 16.4
Median age (year) 49 45 55 51 50
Male:female ratio 3:1 1.4:1 4.5:1 3.6:1 3:1
Bacteremics (%) 46 60 39 92 52
Mortality rate (%)      
Overall 19 44 40 54 34
Bacteremic cases 37 - 55 54 50
Diabetes mellitus 37 20 57 74 57
  1. 1 Currie et al. 2004 [16]; 2 Suputtamonkol et al. 1999 [20]; 3 Heng et al. 1998 [23]; 4 How et al. 2005 [12]
  2. *per 100,000 population per year