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Table 4 Melioidosis risk factors and mortality by risk factors

From: Incidence, risk factors and clinical epidemiology of melioidosis: a complex socio-ecological emerging infectious disease in the Alor Setar region of Kedah, Malaysia

Risk Factors Number (% total cases) Culture positives (% with risk factor) Died (% mortality) p-valuea
Diabetes mellitus 82 (56.6) 59 (71.9) 34 (41.5) 0.033
Chronic renal failure 14 (9.7) 9 (64.3) 7 (50.0) ns
Chronic lung disease 4 (2.8) 3 (75.0) 2 (50.0) ns
HIV/AIDS 4 (2.8) 2 (50.0) 2 (50.0) ns
Other immuno- compromised state 5 (3.5) 4 (80.0) 1 (20.0) ns
Othersb 32 (22.1) 22 (68.6) 11 (34.4) ns
  1. a Risk factor present versus absent in culture positives
  2. b No risk factors recorded for these patients
  3. Ns, not significant