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Table 2 Poultry practices in Laos in 2007

From: Paradoxical risk perception and behaviours related to Avian Flu outbreak and education campaign, Laos

  Urban*
164 (15%)
Semi-U*
364 (33%)
Rural*
570 (52%)
p Total
1098
95% CI
Keep Poultry 50.6% 55.4% 64% 0.002 59.2% 56-62
Mean number of hens 5.1 +/- 12.3 5.49 +/- 14.4 6.5 +/- 14.1 0.38 5.9 +/- 13.9 5-7
Mean number of ducks 2.7 +/- 5.3 4.7 +/- 22.1 3.8 +/- 8.1 < 0.000 3.9 +/- 13. 2-3
Poultry deaths (n = 207)
At least one in the last 2 months** 14% 19.7% 19.6% 0.23 18.8% 16-21
-Mean number of deaths£ 2.4 +/- 10.4 4.3 +/- 14.5 5.1 +/- 15.8 0.11 4.4 +/- 14.7 4-5
-Estimated lossμ 1.6-8 5.6-11.5 7.6-12.9 0.11 3.5-5.3  
Attitudes facing poultry deaths
-Bury 91.3% 79.1% 91% 0.05 86.9% 81-91
-Throw out 0 1.3% 8% 0.06 4.8% 2-8
-Eat 8.7% 8.3% 2.6% 0.18 5.3% 2-9
-Sell 0 0 0.8% 0.65 0.4% 0.01-2
-Report to authorities 0 0 0   0  
Poultry raising habits (n = 613)
-Henhouse 1.2% 8.3% 7% 0.09 6.6% 4-8
-Inside the house 3.7% 0.5% 0 0.001 0.6% 0.17-1.6
- < 5 meters from house 71.2% 52.3% 50.2% 0.003 53.6% 49-57
- > 5 meters from house 18.7% 30.8% 33.3% 0.04 30.6% 27-34
No immunization££ 96.3% 94.7% 92.9% 0.2 94.0 92-95
  1. * Defined according to Lao Census 2005 in method section
  2. μusing the compensation value of 18000 kips/hen ≈ 2 US $, the number of poultry deaths/household was 19.3 in 2006.
  3. £ 54.1% of poultry keepers experimented poultry deaths in 2006[6]** 18%, 27% and 30% over the last year (0.01)
  4. ££ 34.2% of poultry keepers reported poultry immunization in 2006[6]
  5. 95% CI: 95% Confidence Interval