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Table 3 Costs Associated with HZ and PHN in Immunocompetent Patients Aged ≥50 years (at 2005 prices)

From: Epidemiology and economic burden of herpes zoster and post-herpetic neuralgia in Italy: A retrospective, population-based study

  HZ PHN HZ plus PHN   
Number of expected cases in Italian population per year 129,435 12,228 (PHN1 only*)    
  Mean € Total €m Mean € Total €m Total €m
Direct outpatient costs 123 15.9 446 5.3 21.2
Direct hospital costs 43 5.6 114 1.4 7.0
Total direct costs 166 21.5 560 6.7 28.2
Indirect costs 556 12.2 795 0.8 13.0
Total costs   33.7   7.5 41.2
  1. HZ = herpes zoster; PHN = post-herpetic neuralgia
  2. * Restricted to PHN1 because PHN1 and PHN3 were only distinguishable in the outpatient setting