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Table 5 Multivariate multinomial logistic regressions for the changes of liver image patterns for Ségou area (n = 427)

From: The impact of single versus mixed schistosome species infections on liver, spleen and bladder morbidity within Malian children pre- and post-praziquantel treatment

Estimates from multinomial model with dependent variable indicating the change of liver image patterns during the 2 time points of the study
(Adjusted ORs for gender and age, 95% CIs & p-values)
  Dependent variable: the risk of having pathology at both time points Dependent variable: the risk of having no pathology at baseline and having pathology at final point of the study Dependent variable: the risk of having pathology at baseline but cured at final point of the study
Risk factors-Independent variables at baseline(Reference category)    
Type of schistosomiasis infection related variables at baseline    
Infected with S. haematobium (Not infected with S. haematobium) 0.353 (0.080 to 1.560) p = 0.1691 2.339 (0.525 to 10.423) p = 0.2651 0.245 (0.110 to 0.544) p < 0.0011
Infected with S. mansoni (Not infected with S. mansoni) 34.591 (4.315 to 277.268) p < 0.0011 7.139 (3.513 to 14.506) p < 0.0011 3.081 (1.514 to 6.267) p = 0.0021
Estimates from model with dependent variable indicating the change of portal hypertension from ultrasound during the 2 time points of the study
Type of schistosomiasis infection related variables at baseline    
Infected with S. haematobium (Not infected with S. haematobium) 0.157 (0.036 to 0.695) p = 0.0151 1.541 (0.346 to 6.865) p = 0.5711 0.612 (0.230 to 1.631) p = 0.3271
Infected with S. mansoni (Not infected with S. mansoni) 2.792 (0.611 to 12.753) p = 0.1851 0.188 (0.043 to 0.813) p = 0.0251 3.076 (1.460 to 6.482) p = 0.0031
Estimates from model with dependent variable indicating the change of splenomegaly from clinical examination and MCL>2 during the 2 time points of the study
Type of schistosomiasis infection related variables at baseline    
Infected with S. haematobium (Not infected with S. haematobium) 0.356 (0.129 to 0.983) p = 0.0461 1.105 (0.136 to 9.009) p = 0.9261 0.482 (0.253 to 0.919) p = 0.0271
Infected with S. mansoni (Not infected with S. mansoni) 2.946 (1.267 to 6.848) p = 0.0121 0.915 (0.235 to 3.562) p = 0.8991 1.479 (0.900 to 2.432) p = 0.1231
Estimates from model with dependent variable indicating the change of splenomegaly from clinical examination and MAL>2 during the 2 time points of the study
Type of schistosomiasis infection related variables at baseline    
Infected with S. haematobium (Not infected with S. haematobium) 0.505 (0.155 to 1.647) p = 0.2571 1.028 (0.125 to 8.474) p = 0.9791 0.487 (0.256 to 0.929) p = 0.0291
Infected with S. mansoni (Not infected with S. mansoni) 4.353 (1.681 to 11.272) p = 0.0021 0.953 (0.238 to 3.810) p = 0.9461 1.140 (0.681 to 1.908) p = 0.6191
  1. Note: The comparison group for the dependent variable is 'no pathology at both time points'
  2. ORs, Odds Ratios; 95% CIs, 95% Confidence Intervals