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Table 3 Sociodemographic and sexual conduct characteristics associated with the presence of HPV DNA among 504 heterosexual couples in central Mexico, according to sex.

From: Prevalence, concordance and determinants of human papillomavirus infection among heterosexual partners in a rural region in central Mexico

  Men n = 504a Women n = 504a
Variable   HPV +
n = 103
Risk of HPV infection   HPV +
n = 69
Risk of HPV infection
  n (%) HPV + (%) ORb CI 95% n (%) HPV + (%) ORb CI 95%
Age c (years)         
18-24 40(8) 9(22.50) 1.0   64(12.7) 13(20.31) 1.0  
25-30 91(18) 17(18.68) .77 .31 - 1.93 98(19.4) 15(15.31) .70 .30 - 1.60
31-40 191(37.9) 29(15.18) .61 .26 - 1.42 209(41.5) 24(11.48) .47 .22 - 1.00
41-75 182(36.1) 48(26.37) 1.23 .54 - 2.80 133(26.4) 17(12.78) .55 .24 - 1.23
p-trend     0.1999     0.1305
Place of residence         
Rural 350(69.4) 62(17.71) 1.0   350(69.4) 47(13.43) 1.0  
Urban 154(30.6) 41(26.62) 1.71 1.08 - 2.71 154(30.6) 22(14.29) 1.02 .58 - 1.79
Marital Status         
Married 400(79.4) 72(18) 1.0   400(79.4) 43(10.75) 1.0  
Single 104(20.6) 31(29.81) 1.92 1.14 - 3.25 104(20.6) 26(25.00) 2.79 1.56 - 5.00
Schooling d         
<= 6 years 174(34.5) 47(27) 1.85 .99 - 3.44 77(15.5) 8(10.39) .70 .28 - 1.76
7-9 years 199(39.5) 37(18.6) 1.28 .70 - 2.36 286(57.6) 43(15.03) 1.17 .62- 2.19
>= 10 years 131(26) 19(14.5) 1.0   134(26.9) 17(12.69) 1.0  
p-trend     0.0061     0.8069
Religion         
Catholic 430(85.3) 81(18.84) 1.0   430(85.3) 58(13.49) 1.0  
Other 74(14.7) 22(29.73) 1.88 1.07 - 3.31 74(14.7) 11(14.86) 1.04 .51 - 2.11
Current smoker         
No 278(55.2) 56(20.14) 1.0   435(86.3) 53(12.18) 1.0  
Yes 226(44.8) 47(20.80) 1.08 .69 - 1.69 69(13.7) 16(23.19) 1.97 1.03 - 3.75
Age on initiating sexual life         
≤18 years 284(56.35) 68(23.94) 1.59 1.003 - 2.52 269(53.4) 39(14.50) 1.06 .62 - 1.81
≥19 years 220(43.65) 35(15.91) 1.0   235(46.6) 30(12.77) 1.0  
No. of lifetime sexual
partners
        
One 185(36.7) 30(16.22) 1.0   371(73.6) 45(12.13) 1.0  
Two 76(15.1) 17(22.37) 1.49 .75 - 2.92 88(17.5) 15(17.05) 1.50 .78 - 2.85
Three to nine 171(33.9) 31(18.13) 1.08 .62 - 1.90 45(8.9) 9(20.00) 1.69 .75 - 3.79
Ten or more 72(14.3) 25(34.72) 2.54 1.34 - 4.82 -- -- -- --
P-trend     0.0142     0.0796
History of anal sexual
prelations
        
No 305(63.15) 64(20.98) 1.0   146(67) 25(17.12) 1.0  
Yes 178(36.85) 34(19.10) .90 .56 - 1.45 72(33) 8(11.11) .65 .26 - 1.60
Circumcision e         
No 469(93) 98(20.90) 1.0   469(93) 61(13.01) 1.0  
Yes 35(7) 5(14.29) .61 .22 - 1.64 35(7) 8(22.86) 1.92 .82 - 4.51
History of sexual relations
with prostitutes
        
No 395(78.37) 72(18.23) 1.0   -- -- --  
Yes 109(21.63) 31(28.44) 1.68 1.01 - 2.78 -- -- -- --
Use of condom when having sexual
relations with prostitutes
        
Have not had sexual relations
with prostitutes
395(78.37) 72(18.23) 1.0   -- -- --  
Always 34(6.75) 8(23.53) 1.46 .63 - 3.41 -- -- -- --
Not always 75(14.88) 23(30.67) 1.78 1.004 - 3.17 -- -- -- --
P-trend     0.0128     
  1. a Due to missing data, all categories do not total 504.
  2. bOdds ratio and 95% confidence intervals obtained using logistic regression models adjusted for age and SLI.
  3. c Models adjusted for SLI only to avoid colinearity.
  4. d Models adjusted for age only to avoid colinearity when adjusting for SLI.
  5. e This variable as was asked of men only. Women were assigned the value corresponding to the antecedent of circumcision in their male sexual partner.