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Table 1 Estimated Risk Factors Associated With TB Standardized Incidence Ratio by GLMM model, Antananarivo, Madagascar, 2004-2006

From: Bayesian mapping of pulmonary tuberculosis in Antananarivo, Madagascar

  Model 1: with spatial and non-spatial random effects only Model 2: with covariates and non-spatial random effects Model 3: with covariates, spatial and non-spatial random effects
Covariates β SIR β SIR β SIR
Intercept -0.055 - -0.350 - -0.289 -
Retreatmenta - - -0.032 0.968 -0.006 0.994
Relapse + treatment failureb - - -0.012 0.988 -0.017 0.982
No households with case > 1c - - 0.134 1.143 0.127 1.135
Patients lost to follow-upd - - 0.101 1.106 0.099 1.104
Distance to DTCe - - 0.042 1.042 0.024 1.025
Non-spatial random effect variance 5.4 × 10-4 0.03 6.1 × 10-5
Spatial random-effect variance 0.006 - 4.6 × 10-5
Deviance Information Criterion(DIC) 960.7 958.5 961.4
  1. β: associated coefficient of the GLMM regression
  2. SIR: standardized incidence ratio
  3. a: number of patients undergoing retreatment/standard deviation of retreatment
  4. b: number of patients with relapse + number of patients with treatment failure/standard deviation of relapse and treatment failure
  5. c :number of households with more than one case/standard deviation of households with more than one case
  6. d: number of patients lost to follow-up/standard deviation of patients lost to follow-up
  7. e: distance from patient's residence to DTC/standard deviation of patient's residence to DTC