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Table 4 Risk factors: Results from a logistic regression model for current hepatitis B virus infection

From: Sero-prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis B virus infection among health care workers in a tertiary hospital in Uganda

Variables Current Hepatitis B virus infection
  Unadjusted OR [95% CI] P-value Adjusted OR [95% CI] P-value
Gender(Ref = Male)     
   Female 0.81[0.36-1.84] 0.620 1.09[0.29-4.11] 0.903
Age (Ref = 20-29 years)     
   30-39 years 1.60[0.56-4.54] 0.377 2.84[0.74-10.85] 0.127
   40+ years 1.24[0.40-3.86] 0.705 3.63[0.47-27.97] 0.215
Religion(Ref = Catholics)     
   Protestants 0.88[0.39-1.98] 0.752 0.74[0.30-1.87] 0.530
   Moslems 0.62[0.13-2.98] 0.549 0.29[0.05-1.85] 0.193
   Other Christians 0.10[0.01-0.79] 0.029 0.07[0.01-0.61] 0.017
Marital status(Ref = Single)     
   Married 1.43[0.61-3.38] 0.409 1.39[0.49-3.96] 0.539
   Separated/widow 2.07[0.51-8.45] 0.310 1.29[0.20-8.43] 0.788
Years in service(Ref = < 10 years)     
   10-19 years 0.94[0.40-2.21] 0.893 0.25[0.07-0.93] 0.039
   20+ years 0.72[0.27-1.95] 0.522 0.13[0.02-0.99] 0.048
Cadre(Ref = Doctors)     
   Clinical/dental Officer 3.27[0.62-7.39] 0.164 4.51[0.59-34.65] 0.147
   Nurse 1.77[0.49-6.41] 0.383 2.69[0.51-14.13] 0.242
   Midwife 1.00[0.10-10.07] 1.000 2.09[0.13-33.42] 0.602
   Laboratory technician 5.33[1.09-5.99] 0.038 12.23[1.85-81.08] 0.009
   Nursing assistant 8.47[1.92-7.33] 0.005 17.78[2.17-45.87] 0.007
Changed department (Ref = Yes)     
   No 0.77[0.36-1.64] 0.495 0.59[0.21-1.62] 0.307
Needle stick injury(Ref = Yes)     
   No 1.63[0.76-3.48] 0.206 1.76[0.68-4.51] 0.242
Cut injury(Ref = Yes)     
   No 0.68[0.30-1.54] 0.353 0.60[0.21-1.66] 0.324
Mucocutaneous exposure(Ref = Yes)     
   No 1.17[0.54-2.54] 0.692 0.64[0.24-1.70] 0.369
Use gloves (Ref = Always)     
   Some times 0.82[0.38-1.75] 0.599 0.89[0.37-2.16] 0.795
Vaccinated (Ref = Yes)     
   No 1.68[0.22-3.03] 0.620 0.42[0.04-4.22] 0.461
Disinfection (Ref = Adequate)     
   Not adequate 0.56[0.25-1.29] 0.174 0.65[0.25-1.72] 0.390
   Don't know 0.54[0.14-2.08] 0.370 0.61[0.13-2.75] 0.518
Surgical operation (Ref = Yes)     
   No 0.74[0.35-1.58] 0.437 0.53[0.21-1.32] 0.173
Blood transfusion (Ref = Yes)     
   No 1.10[0.25-4.91] 0.899 1.31[0.22-7.59] 0.767
Risk perception (Ref = Low)     
   Moderate 1.22[0.36-4.16] 0.756 0.73[0.17-3.12] 0.674
   High 1.05[0.34-3.25] 0.938 0.69[0.18-2.66] 0.585
Trained in infection prevention(Ref = Yes)     
   No 0.89[0.41-1.94] 0.772 0.75[0.30-1.88] 0.533
Body scarification(Ref = Yes)     
   No 0.94[0.44-2.02] 0.880 1.03[0.39-2.69] 0.951