Skip to main content

Table 2 Diagnostic workup, treatment, and outcomes of 70 patients with hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis

From: The epidemiology of hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis: a cohort study in a tertiary care hospital

Variable n (%)
Laboratory data*  
   WBC count within first 24 hours of admission (median, range), K/mm3 11.5 (3.3-42.7)
   ESR (median, range), mm/h 93.5 (8-140)
   CRP (median, range), mg/dL 88.7 (0.4-472)
   Temperature within first 24 hours (median, range), °C 37.4 (36.6-40.0)
Diagnostic work-up  
   Blood culture on admission 60 (86%)
   Needle biopsy 29 (41%)
   Open biopsy 15 (21%)
Treatment  
   Any surgery performed 16 (23%)
   Laminectomy/Discectomy 10 (14%)
   Laminectomy/Fusion 5 (7%)
   Corpectomy 1 (1%)
Outcomes  
   Paralysis developed during admission 1 (1%)
   Median hospital length of stay (days, range) 12 (3-59)
   Discharge location  
Home or home health 25 (36%)
SNF/LTCF/Rehabilitation 41 (59%)
   In-hospital mortality 3 (4%)
  1. NOTE. Data are presented as number (% of total) of cases, unless otherwise indicated. * denotes maximum values. WBC = white blood cell count (normal range 3.8-9.8 per BJH laboratory medicine). CRP = C-reactive protein; data available for 40 patients (high risk => 3 mg/L per BJH laboratory medicine). ESR = erythrocyte sedimentation rate; data available for 58 patients (normal 0-35 per BJH laboratory medicine). SNF = skilled nursing facility. LTCF = long term care facility.